2 Stories

Jan Fabre

A Post-Mortem State of Life


“I was always doomed to become an artist,” Jan Fabre says, a cigarette between his lips and the brooding London sky serving as the background. Fabre, however, is a particular breed of artist, since he is as prolific a playwright as he is a visual maker, performance artist, choreographer, stage director, and designer, making the title of ‘Renaissance man’ more than fitting. With countless work comprising his repertoire (including dozens of plays, sculptures, and drawings), and his first solo exhibition in the U.K., Knight of the Night, which runs until March 12, 2016 at the Ronchini Gallery, Fabre is an exemplary creative spirit. The Belgian artist sat down with us to discuss the inspiration of Christ and the body, the typology of tears, and creating work in a post-mortem state of life.


NeueJournal: A great deal of your work revolves around human anatomy, particularly the brain. Where did this interest come from and what fascinates you so much about it?


Jan Fabre: The body was always a subject and object to research. I made my first blood drawings in ’77 while watching an important exhibition in Bruges. I committed my own body to compete with the Flemish painting, so the research started there, by making incisions in my body. I made a lot of projects over the years with my own blood, tears, and sperm, I made scriptures about the human body. I used different materials and slowly, over seven years, I made a lot of works about the brain because some scientists became a fan of my work; neurologists and I started working with them and that influenced my work.




NJ: So the work fed the research and the research fed the work. Religion is a recurring motif in your work. How would you describe your relationship to religion, and what role does art play in it?


JF: I’m an atheist thanks to Christ and of course I was born in the Flemish side of Belgium, which is a Catholic country. My mother was very Catholic and my father was a Communist, so I heard all the stories from the Bible and my father took me to churches and to museums to make drawings. My big inspirations were the Flemish classical masters, and of course Christ is very important in my work because we accept the model of Christ.


NJ: Your new exhibit explores the meaning of beauty – a question which has haunted humans for years. What is beauty, to you?


JF: For me beauty is not only aesthetic, because then it would be makeup. So for me beauty is almost always a kind of conciliation between ethical values and aesthetic principles.


NJ: What is your greatest extravagance?


JF: Why, the mediocrity of my genius.




NJ: What do you think was the biggest impact your childhood had on your career/creative work?


JF: To be in a coma. As a young boy I was in a coma twice, and this influenced my work a lot – my writings, my drawings. I think all my work is almost in a post-mortem state of life.


NJ: How did you end up in a coma?


JF: One time a street fight and one time diving in a canal. We had this sport when we were young teenagers, where we would dive into the the canal and swim to the boats. One day, one of the guys on the boats hit me on the head and I lost consciousness in the water. One of my friends saved me, but I was in a coma for nine days, and the first time for six days.


NJ: Do you remember anything from it?


JF: No. But I remember afterwards, particularly the second time, the feeling of living in borrowed time. I was a lucky bastard.


NJ: How would you describe the color red to a blind person?


JF: Ha, good question. I would put their finger in a wound.


NJ: What is your first memory of art?


JF: Before I wanted to become an artist I wanted to become a postman because the son of my godmother and godfather was a mailman. I was five years old and he was walking on the streets of Antwerp ringing the door, bringing the checks, and I thought, “Wow, that’s the job I want, because it’s free and it is contact with people.” Then as a young boy I got this chemistry box for my birthday and I made my first laboratory in the basement. So the two professions I wanted to become were a chemist and a postman, and that’s what I do; I’m still choosing experiments and I bring my work around the world like a mailman.




NJ: Was there ever a point in your life when you were about to make a different career choice?


JF: No, I was always doomed to become an artist.


NJ: Where do you think you would be had you not chosen the art world?


JF: I think science, because my inspiration is always scientists. My heroes are scientists.


NJ: More than the painters?


JF: It’s a combination of the Flemish classical masters and the contemporary scientists like Edward Wilson or Giacomo Rizzolatti in Italy who invented the mirror neurons. These kind of guys inspire me a lot.


NJ: What is the last film or play you watched that made you cry?


JF: About a year ago in Padova, Italy to see the Giotto Fresco. In the presence of immense beauty I really had tears on my face. Afterwards, I researched my own tears and I discovered different typologies of tears. For example irritation tears you get by peeling an onion, but listening to a beautiful piece of music or seeing a beautiful painting makes you cry spiritual tears – filled with soul.


NJ: What is the last film or play you watched that made you laugh?


JF: Little Britain. (laughs) It’s fantastic..


NJ: If heaven exists, what do you think it looks like?


JF: Like Antwerp.


Photography: Laurence Ellis for NeueJournal

Nneka Lucia Egbuna

On Life on the Road, God, and Darkness

Photography by Patrice Bart-Williams​

In 2008, Nneka’s Heartbeat charted across Europe and elevated the previously unknown Reggae/Soul singer to celebrity status. Since then, she’s been putting out emotionally and politically charged records that are both graceful and empowering. Nneka is currently touring Europe following the release of her latest full-length album My Fairy Tales. I caught up with the singer in St. Petersburg, Russia, to chat about life on the road, God, activism, and the music that inspires her.


Parker Menzimer: So you’re almost done with your Euro tour.


Nneka Lucia Egbuna: Yes, we still have Russia and then I think a festival in France.


PM: Any highlights?


NLE: Yesterday, actually, I thought I wasn’t going to be able to deliver because I got ill the day before. A friend of mine spoke to me before I went on stage and said, Nneka, if you need strength take a cup of water and pray over it. I said ok, I didn’t take it too seriously, but in the end, five or ten minutes before I got on stage, I decided to do what he said and the energy came.


PM: Is religion important to your music?


NLE: It’s in everything I do. I have conversations with God constantly, even while I’m on stage. He just reminds you: “Listen, I’m in charge. Take a chill pill and sit back.” I have my own demons, but I try to be strong and also encourage others. You’re not alone in your struggle, you can get along if you have God. That’s it. Point blank.


PM: You founded an NGO whose mission is to educate young Nigerians in the arts. How can art help Nigeria’s political and humanitarian situation?


NLE: In Nigeria, when you talk to your elders, you look at the ground. You respect them, but at the same time you fear them. That leads to anger, because if you can’t express yourself you get agitated. If we had more institutions where kids could speak or express themselves, put their pain into learning an instrument or sewing, that would broaden their perception of life. We need NGOs to help out. We need rich people to be a bit more generous with their money and get involved in supporting children’s futures. People need to talk, people need to express themselves.


PM: Off the top of your head, what are three words that describe your last record?


NLE: Strong, edifying, and painful. There was a lot of pain. I was having doubts about God and myself. Boko Haram was intense. I started questioning.


PM: “My Fairy Tales” is an interesting name. You think of a happy ending, but the album itself deals with such dark themes.


NLE: Up until now I’ve been very blunt. It’s like, “Nneka, why are you always so miserable and melancholic?” So I wanted to package reality and wishful thinking at the same time.


PM: So, in the end there’s optimism?


NLE: Yes.


PM: Do you remember the first song you learned how to play on guitar and sing along to?


NLE: It was my own version of The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill.


PM: What records inspired you to create your own music?


NLE: I listened to a lot of Nigerian music, but also Western stuff like Mariah Carey, Boyz 2 Men, Dolly Parton, and Rod Stewart [laughs]. It’s a mix of worlds. Really white and really black stuff. But that’s my heritage.


PM: Who are some current Nigerian musicians who are worth checking out?


NLE: There’s a young man called Jessie Jagz. He’s good. There’s also Keziah Jones. He did blue funk. We have Wizkid and we have Shay Shay. And then there’s this other girl called Yemi Alade, her track is called Johnny. The band that I’ve been taking along is this young man called Afrikan Boy. He’s very good.


PM: Will your label “Bushqueen Music” serve as a platform for other artists?


NLE: We had two artists. Now we have just one apart from me. Genda kind of went his way because I didn’t have much money to support his career. Now we have an artist called Oranmiyan who’s amazing.


PM: How’s the next album coming?


NLE: It’s pretty much done, so hopefully by February we should be releasing.